TRANSCRIPTS (of the speeches) THAT CHANGED THE WORLD: Moments That Made History
Four score and sever years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation…
The Gettysburg Address, 19 November 1863, was given in commemoration of the three-day Battle of Gettysburg, a turning point in the Civil War, which left over 51,000 casualties.
Biography in brief: Born in Hardin County Kentucky on 12 February 1809, Abraham Lincoln had a rural upbringing. The young Lincoln studied avidly by himself and read widely. As a man, he studied law and became more and more interested in politics. He served in the Illinois House of Representatives for many years before gaining the presidency, which he held until 1865. On New Year’s Day 1863, Lincoln declared the emancipation of all slaves on US territory. He was assassinated in 14 April 1865 in Washington.
“Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate — we cannot consecrate — we cannot hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth”.